Trinity Worksheet #8: The Spirit’s Work in Salvation

Whenever the one true God is at work, each Person of the Trinity is at work. This very fact magnifies God’s omniscience, omnipresence, omnipotence, and loving intimacy. In the work of salvation (how God saves a sinner), the Father, Son, and Spirit work in unison, while performing distinct tasks. Here we will explore the Scriptures that speak of the Spirit’s work in salvation.  

1) The Spirit conceived the Son

Luke 1:34-35 ‘Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I am a virgin?” The angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy Child shall be called the Son of God.’

2) The Spirit empowered the Son in His humanity

Luke 4:1 ‘Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led around by the Spirit in the wilderness…’

Luke 4:14 ‘And Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about Him spread through all the surrounding district.’

Acts 10:38 ‘You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.’

Matt 12:28 ‘But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.’

Luke 5:17 ‘One day He was teaching; and there were some Pharisees and teachers of the law sitting there, who had come from every village of Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem; and the power of the Lord was present for Him to perform healing.’

3) The Spirit was involved in offering the Son

Heb 9:14 ‘…how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?’

4) The Spirit was at work in raising the Son

Rom 8:11 ‘But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.’

5) The Spirit regenerates the sinner

John 3:5-8 ‘Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not be amazed that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’ The wind blows where it wishes and you hear the sound of it, but do not know where it comes from and where it is going; so is everyone who is born of the Spirit.”

Titus 3:4-6 ‘But when the kindness of God our Savior and His love for mankind appeared, He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we have done in righteousness, but according to His mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit, whom He poured out upon us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior.’

6) The Spirit convicts the sinner of sin

John 16:7-11 ‘But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me;  and concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see Me; and concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been judged.’

7) The Spirit reveals the truth

1 Cor 2:10-12 ‘For to us God revealed them through the Spirit; for the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God. For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so the thoughts of God no one knows except the Spirit of God. Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that we may know the things freely given to us by God.’

2 Pet 1:20-21 ‘But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.’

John 16:13-14 (and this truth must glorify Christ): ‘But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come. He will glorify Me, for He will take of Mine and will disclose it to you.’

8) The Spirit indwells believers

John 7:37-39 ‘Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, ‘From his innermost being will flow rivers of living water.’” But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.’

John 14:23 ‘Jesus answered and said to him, “If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our abode with him.”’

Rom 8:9 ‘However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him.’

Eph 1:13-14 ‘In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation – having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God’s own possession, to the praise of His glory.’

9) The Holy Spirit ‘seals’ believers

‘Seals’ means:

1) Owns and possesses: 2 Cor 1:22, Rev 7:2-3

2) Secures and keeps: Matt 27:66, Eph 4:30,

3) Authenticates and approves of: John 3:33, John 6:27, Ephesians 4:30 (see Washer)

[NOTE: References and categories of thought have been borrowed liberally from Paul Washer’s Knowing the Living God, Wayne Grudem’s Systematic Theology, and Robert Raymond’s A New Systematic Theology of the Christian Faith. These blog entries are merely “worksheets,” hopefully enabling the reader to peruse a multitude of relevant texts at once. Little original thought is added by Sam Caldwell, no credit is due to these blog entries, and no plagiarism at all is intended.]

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